A new theory could prove to be a real scientific revolution that will radically change our view of space, time and gravity, says one researcher. The theoretical physicist proposes that gravity is an ‘emerging’ phenomenon and not an elemental force that both Newton and Einstein theorized it to be. In fact, the researcher believes gravity is the result of patterns of a complex microscopic phenomenon.
For years experts have been trying to shed light on the so-called dark matter, an invisible substance that doesn’t reflect light and which experts believe makes up some 27%of the mass of the universe.
The existence of dark matter was first proposed when astronomers observed how galaxies have more gravity than they can produce by observable matter and gas.
However, Erik Verlinde, a physicist at the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands, has presented a new theory which, according to him, explains the gravitational inconsistencies without the need for dark matter, reports phys.org.
“We have evidence that this new view of gravity actually agrees with the observations,” he told phys.org.
“At large scales, it seems, gravity just doesn’t behave the way Einstein’s theory predicts.”
According to Verlinde: “…gravity is not a fundamental force of nature, but an emergent phenomenon. In the same way that temperature arises from the movement of microscopic particles, gravity emerges from the changes of fundamental bits of information, stored in the very structure of space-time.”
In today’s scientific world, gravity appears to ‘work’ in nearly all situations. However, scientists around the globe have struggled to understand and show how it is compatible with particles described by quantum physics.
But the research paper published on the ArXiv preprint server has a new theory of gravity that seems to accurately predict –among other tserver— the speed by which stars rotate around the center of the Milky Way and the motion of stars inside galaxies.
“We have evidence that this new view of gravity actually agrees with the observations,” says Verlinde. “At large scales, it seems, gravity just doesn’t behave the way Einstein’s theory predicts.”
“We might be standing on the brink of a new scientific revolution that will radically change our views on the very nature of space, time and gravity.”
According to Verlinde, and his theory of emergent gravity, it is not one of nature’s fundamental forces.
Instead, it is an emerging force that originates from changes in the information ‘stored’ in the structure of space-time, in a similar way how temperature is produced by the movement of microscopic particles.
Featured Image Credit: Movie Gravity, Warner Bros. Pictures